TREATMENT OF GUM DISEASES
Periodontology is a branch of dentistry that deals with the diseases and treatment of soft (periodontal ligament, gums) and hard tissues (bone, cement) surrounding the teeth, which allow the tooth to hold. The care of this connective tissue, which surrounds the teeth, covers the top of the jawbone, and allows the teeth to hold fully within the jaw, is just as important as the teeth. Periodontal diseases that are not treated in a timely and correct manner can lead to the loss of teeth and the appearance of certain systemic diseases.
Characteristic of Healthy Gums
• There is never a gum bleeding during brushing.
• Pale pink in color, matte and tight consistency
• In the neck area of the tooth wraps the tooth like a collar, ending in the form of a knife ridge where it meets the tooth.
• There is a distance of about 1-1.5 mm between it and the tooth
Causes of gingival Disease
• Inadequate Oral Hygiene: The lack of regular tooth brushing habits or not brushing correctly directly threatens oral hygiene. Lack of hygiene causes bacterial plaques and inflammatory diseases. Gum withdrawals and patient’s disregard for gum bleeding during brushing can lead to a worse situation. Untreated caries can also lead to gum bleeding and gum diseases.
• Genetics: Genetic characteristics have been detected in a significant number of gum diseases. If you have people with gum disease in your family, you can take precautions without getting this disease thanks to regular visits and checks from the dentist.
• Cigarette: Smoking, which is the number one enemy of oral and dental health, is one of the most important factors that accelerates the course and development of gum diseases, among many harms.
• Hormonal Changes: During periods of hormonal changes such as adolescence, menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause, bleeding and tenderness occur in the gingival of women, and susceptibility to the disease increases. Regular dentist visits, preventive practices, and periodic care are important during such periods.
• Poor and Irregular Nutrition: Poor and irregular nutrition reduces the body’s resistance, it invites gingival bleeding and may invite other diseases. Whenever the gingival risk increases the defense system weakens.
• Drug useı: Contraceptives (oral contraceptives), anti-depressants, and certain heart medications can adversely affect oral and dental health, increase sensitivity, and damage the gingival. When using such drugs, it is important that the relevant doctor, dentist, and pharmacist are informed about the issue.
• Stress: Birçok hastalığın hazırlayıcı sebebi olduğu kanıtlanmış olan stres, diş eti hastalıkları için de önemli bir risk faktörüdür. Stres vücudun savunma sistemini bozarak periodontal hastalığa zemin hazırlar.
• Teeth grinding: Teeth grinding and jaw squeezing damage the tissues that support the teeth, and accelerate tissue destruction.
• Diabetes: Diabetics are susceptible to disease infection and therefore gingival diseases and Infections in diabetics can be preliminary to periodontal disease or accelerate the course of an already existing gingival disease.
• Other systemic diseases: Any discomfort that disrupts the body’s defense system also affects the condition of the gums or gingival. Some diseases affecting a person’s general health, such as heart, blood pressure, vascular stiffness, kidney diseases, AIDS, and tuberculosis, can also directly lead to gingival bleeding and diseases.
General Symptoms of Gingival (Gum) Diseases
- Gingival bleeding
- Gum withdrawals or loosening of the gums in a way that is easily detachable from the tooth
- Melting of the jawbone supporting the teeth with gum withdrawals,
- Burning, swelling, reddening and discoloration of the gums
- Inflammatory discharge between the teeth and gums,
- Constant bad breath and a bad taste in the mouth,
- Removable prosthesis distortion
- Teeth shaking or increasingly distancing themselves (Creating gaps between teeth or increasing existing gaps)
- Itching of the gums, a desire to tamper with it.
- Gum Diseases Treatments
- The treatment process of gum diseases should proceed in the form of diagnosis, treatment and regular checks
- Oral and dental health knowledge, and oral hygiene training are very important
- Dental stones and food plaques are cleaned.
- Deep cleaning is carried out on the gum pockets if the dentist deems it necessary
- Medications recommended by the dentists should be applied together with cleaning, curing
- If the disease is advanced, periodontal surgery (gum surgeries) should be performed. In cases such as gum withdrawal and bone loss, surgical procedures may be required to prevent disease and prevent re-formation
- These surgical and clinical treatments can be performed by classical methods, and laser applications can be performed if the physician deems it appropriate and recommends it. Laser applications have been applied intensively and successfully in gum diseases in recent years.