It is a form of treatment with minimal loss of filling by protecting the teeth with conservative dental treatment. In general, information regarding the treatment of tooth decay can be discussed with specialists.
When the teeth are not brushed well, and oral care is poor, bacteria found in plaques and tooth stones (tartar) above the teeth are found, these bacteria survive thanks to “sugar”. The acid formed after using sugar softens the hard tissue of the tooth and causes decay.
Softened and damaged tooth, hard tissue is removed, and the decayed tooth is cleaned. After cleaning the cavity, it is necessary to place a suitable filling material in the cavity (cavity). This filler should be easy to apply, covering the cavity perfectly, and not causing any leakage. At the same time, the aesthetic appearance of this filling is the reason of choice for patients and physicians. If the patient has a sensitivity to heat, inability to chew comfortably, severe pain, or if the cavity has reached the living tissue (pulp) inside the tooth, first canal treatment is performed, then the filling is placed in the cavity.
Amalgam Filler / Composite Filling / Porcelain Filling
Generally filling materials in dentistry are; amalgam, composite, composite, or porcelain fillings (inlay-onlay)are used.
It is a mixture of mercury with silver, copper, and tin. This mixture, which was used routinely in old days, is gradually abandoned today because of aesthetic concerns.
Advantages of Amalgam Filling
- It is more economical than other fillings
- Easy to apply
- Resistant to chewing
- Significantly prevents the formation of decay under the filling area.
Composite fillings consist of a combination of different substances. It can be shaped as plastic and hardened by ultraviolet (UV) light. This is why it is called ray filling among the public. It is the filling material that is routinely applied in our clinic and in developed countries. Especially in the front teeth, the aesthetic success rate is high.
Advantages of Composite Filling
Aesthetıc results can be obtained with aesthetıc fillings even wıthout porcelaın veneer.
- The application can be completed in a single session
- Since there is no need to remove more substances from the tooth before the filling is placed, they do not cause the loss of hard tissue of the tooth.
- Even very small cavities can be closed
PORCELAIN FILLING (Inlay-Onlay)
Porcelain fillings are a filling method applied to protect healthy dental tissue of patients who have a lot of substance loss by making the teeth smaller in size and by applying a system called crown to protect the tissues. Since it is more aesthetic and useful, amalgam is preferred over fillings.
Advantages of Porcelain Filling
- It has long-term use and is durable
- The time of renewal is very long.
- It’s extremely aesthetic.
- The hardness of the material is very close to the hardness of the tooth enamel.
- It is extremely resistant to chewing compared to composite fillings in the back teeth (molars).
- It fits perfectly. Because the cavity is set, measured and prepared in the laboratory.